Physics 4057  Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics (Aliev)
Text
 Thermodynamics, Kinetic Theory, and Statistical Thermodynamics, III Edition, Sears and Salinger (Addison Wesley)
Grading
 Will be based on four exams, with each exam having a 25% weight.
 Problems in the exams will be based on examples done in the class, suggested problems, and exercises given throughout the course.
Description
The zeroth law of thermodynamics and the concept of temperature. The First law and the conservation of energy. The Second law and the direction of natural process. Carnot's engine. Concept of entropy. Absolute scale of temperature. The Third law and simple applications. The principle of statistical mechanics: Thermodynamic weight, Statistical mechanical ideas of entropy and the connection with thermodynamics; the MaxwellBoltzmann, the BoseEinstein, and the FermiDirac distributions.Objectives
After completing this course the students will know the basic principles and laws of thermodynamics and statistical thermodynamics and their mathematical formulation as well as methods of investigations of basic thermodynamic phenomena.
 will have clear idea about the limits of applicability of physical model and theories used in this course.
 will know the role of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics in the scientific and technical progress.
 will have mastered and practiced the application of simple mathematical techniques to solve basic problems, and hence will be able to apply these to actual physical problems.
Contents
 Basic concepts
 Brief historical perspective  thermodynamics and statistical physics
 Definitions of various thermodynamic terms
 Concepts of work, energy, temperature and temperature scales
 Zeroeth Law of thermodynamics
 First Law of thermodynamics
 Equivalence of heat and mechanical energy  Joule's experiment
 First Law of thermodynamics as a statement of conservation of energy
 Internal energy  a state function
 dQ equations
 Applications of the First Law
 Joule's free expansion
 Specific heats of bodies
 Internal energy of an ideal gas
 Works done on an ideal gas in isothermal and adiabatic processes
 Exam I

Second Law of thermodynamics
 Direction of a natural process
 Kelvin versus Clausius statements of the Second Law
 Carnot engine and its efficiency
 Carnot's theorem and the absolute scale of temperature
 Concept of entropy and Clausius' theorem
 Properties of entropy
 Examples of Calculations of entropy, TdS equations
 Exam II

Equilibrium of systems and thermodynamic potentials
 Isolated systems, entropy never decreases
 Constant volume processes and Helmholtz free energy
 Constant pressure processes and Gibbs free energy
 Maxwell's laws

Third Law of thermodynamics
 Third Law of thermodynamics or the Nernst Heat theorem
 Experimental evidence of the Third Law  Lange's experiment
 Some applications of the Third Law
 Unattainability of absolute zero

Simple thermodynamic analysis of systems
 Van der Waal's equation and law of corresponding states
 Blackbody radiation
 Exam III

Statistical Mechanics
 Brief history of the development of statistical mechanics
 Basic concepts  microstates and macrostates, phase space trajectory
 Ensemble, ergodic theorem
 Fundamental postulate  postulate of equal a prori probability
 Thermodynamic weight W and total number of possible microstates
 Counting W, cases of indistinguishable and distinguishable particles
 BoseEinstein, FermiDirac, and MaxwellBoltzmann statistics
 Connection with thermodynamics
 Exam IV
RIGHTS OF STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES
ACOMODO RAZONABLE
INTEGRIDAD ACADEMICA
HOSTIGAMIENTO SEXUAL